ORIGINS AND EVOLUTION OF A WAY OF LIFE.
Indissolubly linked to specific moments in human social evolution, the troglodyte house currently merges the historical and ethnological aspects necessary for its understanding as a home. The result of an evolution which has led from natural use to its artificial elaboration, the symbolic charge that it holds which makes it possible to understand the unique way of life that it sheltered.
THE CONSTRUCTIVE FEATURES OF EXCAVATED ARCHITECTURE.
The environment is essential to understand the constructive characteristics of a typology which is defined by its total fusion with the territory. Organism, modulation of spaces, use of materials such as stone or clay, vegetation or thermal efficiency, are elements that give a wise knowledge of each of them to its development to carry it out successfully.
The creation of excavated settlements has in the Mediterranean basin a special development area which has particular historical importance. In this sense, a vision of these most striking examples will allow us to analyze the capacity of this constructive solution to adapt to different contexts and materials, as to the possibilities that human beings have concerning the adaptability of the same solution. in different domains.
GEOPARK. CULTURAL LANDSCAPE AND TOURISM.
The legacy left to us by time finds in the north of the province of Granada an exceptional example of wealth. The testimonies of the human presence in the area are recorded since prehistoric times, charging the territory with a symbolic value linked to death, such as the dolmens of Gorafe. In this sense, the singularity that currently represents the excavated architecture is a claim of the first order in the proposals which seek to energize this territory through tourism.
TODAY’S EXCAVATED ARCHITECTURE.
Current architectural trends, sensitive to sustainability issues, are once again recovering traditional building systems because they are representative of an optimal use of materials. In this sense, this table wants to bring together these initiatives that reclaim the cave as a habitable space, serving as a process of reflection around the possibilities of it as a place of contemporary dwelling.
SPACES AND GENDER.
Understanding spaces involves identifying all the actors who participate in them and their respective functions. Thus, the preponderant role of research is reviewed based on the recognition of the role of women as active agents in our history, which requires a total revision of the views expressed to date. In the case of domestic spaces, the internal structure of the house reflects, in terms of functionality and symbolism, the different role of men and women.
DIDACTICS OF HERITAGE.
The dissemination of heritage as a tool for social education is essential for projecting the culture of a territory as an economic resource for progress. In this case, if you propose that the generation of knowledge on excavated habitats be transformed from Didactics into a multidisciplinary and transversal tool that makes it possible to raise awareness of the development of a territory based on its cultural, architectural and landscape values, projecting recognition of this knowledge in the classrooms and in the various socio-economic agents.
Gender mainstreaming will be taken into account in all points