The dizzying dynamics in which we find ourselves, that affect our lives and the way relationship take place in globalization, and the most current climate change, two sides of a complex polyhedron that forms the reality we live in. In the case of the first, the tendency to homogenize our action patterns resulting from intense exchange processes, within which information circulates at an enormous speed and our habits are more and more similar, the necessity to identify with equality underlines the need to look for what differentiates us. On this matter, our traditional architecture is a wise response to specific environmental contexts and specific ways of life, determined by unique historical developments, re-emerging in response to this standardization.
Along with the foregoing, the necessary response to the irreversible trend towards which the climate is drifting requires effective responses which involve efficiency in working with the natural resources provided by the territory. In this sense, traditional architecture resumes its place as the wise heir to a long customary tradition, in which the use of materials and the response to environmental conditions position it as a source of inspiration to find an answer to the problems of adaptability that we face. A clear example of this can be found in the troglodyte house of the province of Granada, which identifies itself as a specific typology which we propose to re-read in this congress in the global sub-desert context that surrounds us.
The growing sensitivity that exists to issues such as climate change is forcing a review of many areas in search for answers to these trends. In the case of traditional architecture, its execution characteristics make it respond to values of efficiency and use of materials so close that its environmental footprint is minimal compared to other construction processes.
An architecture stigmatized by its history and its inhabitants, which is currently experiencing a renewed impetus because of the new inhabitants who are interested in its advantages. Often reassessed by foreigners, mostly English and French people, who saw it as a way to get away from the frantic rhythms of life and get closer to nature. Other national groups saw it as an opportunity to have a second home in the countryside, which once again reclaims certain sectors of the population who have them in their urban centers.
On this matter, the justification has a double aspect, that of developing a project which allows working on a revaluation of the excavated architecture as an exponent of sustainability, the result of the conjunction of geological, climatic and cultural factors; and on the other hand, to understand the celebration of the congress as a space of reflection allowing to evaluate the achievement of the objectives of the project and, on the other hand, to draw future lines of action which will guarantee the recovery of the excavated architecture as cultural heritage.
Interior of the troglodyte house. Hotel Al – Jatib. Asset. Image property of the Provincial Tourist Office. Provincial Council of Granada